Great People


This page discusses major contributors to the history of Projective Testing using a Great Person approach.  The chief contributors to this field are Galton, Jung, Rorschach, Morgan and Murray, Wundt, and Kraeplin.

Francis Galton largely contributed to the development of projective testing.  Galton is also credited for the formal initiation of a projective style with his word association method.

Carl Jung, however, had the first standardized projective test, the word association test, in 1909.

Hermann Rorschach developed perhaps the most famous projective test, the Rorschach Ink Blot test, in 1925.

Christiana Morgan and Henry Murray are also influential individuals in the projective method. In the 1930s, Morgan and Murray developed the TAT test at the Harvard Psychological Clinic.

(Joshua Sproul).


Klopfer, W. (2006).  The Short History of Projective Techniques. Journal of the History of Behavior Sciences, 9, 60-65.

Morgan, W. G. (1995). Origin and History of the Thematic Apperception Test images. Journal of Personality Assessment, 65, 237-254.

Murstein, Bernard I. (1965).  Handbook of Projective Techniques. New York, NY: Basic Books, Inc.

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